Silver Colloidal FAQ

What is the difference in the methods to make Ionic/Colloidal Silver?

There are three main methods to make Ionic/Colloidal Silver: 1) Constant Current Method 2) Hot Water Method 3) Salt Method. The first two methods make a superior Ionic/Colloidal Silver as the particle size remains very small and is largely ionic. The salt method was introduced when Bob Beck first developed a way to make Colloidal Silver at home. Salt is one method to increase the conductivity of water. Using the salt method is no longer recommended as silver chloride is produced resulting in a larger particle size.

Why is particle size important?

Particle size is important as with long-term use, larger particles could lead to darkening of the skin - a condition known as argyria. In addition, a spokesman for the Colloidal Association of America told us it requires a smaller particle to kill a virus than bacteria. While both bacterial and viral infections are common, colds, flu and other ailments often develop from viral infections. It is often better, therefore, to have a smaller particle size.

If I do use salt to make Colloidal Silver, what type should I use?

It is important to use a natural salt like Celtic Salt that is farmed as nature intended-without high heat or additives. Sea salt will do but it is best to avoid table salt because of the additives.

How do I make Ionic/Colloidal Silver using the Constant Current method?

This method is very simple. Using either a Constant Current Adapter or a unit that has constant current circuitry simply immerse about 75% of the silver wires in 2 cups of room temperature distilled water in a glass jar. Let the unit run for 1½ to 2 hours to produce Ionic/Colloidal Silver in the 5 PPM range. With Constant Current it is not necessary to heat the water to increase conductivity.

How do I make Ionic/Colloidal Silver using the heat method?

A natural salt like Celtic Salt that is farmed as nature intended-without high heat or additives is used. Sea salt will do but it is best to avoid table salt because of the additives.

How do I make Ionic/Colloidal Silver using the Constant Current method?

This method is very simple. Using either a Constant Current Adapter or a unit that has constant current circuitry simply immerse about 75% of the silver wires in 2 cups of room temperature distilled water in a glass jar. Let the unit run for 1½ to 2 hours to produce Ionic/Colloidal Silver in the 5 PPM range. With Constant Current it is not necessary to heat the water to increase conductivity.

How do I make Ionic/Colloidal Silver using the heat method?

Bring 2 cups of distilled water to the boil in a nonmetal container. Pour into a glass jar and immerse about 75% of the silver wires. Let the unit run for 15 to 20 minutes for 5-8 PPM . The water is brought to the boil simply to give a standard for heat. Heating is necessary to increase the conductivity of the water.

How do I know if there are too many impurities in the water?

If the color of the water darkens, there are too many impurities in the water. Ionic/Colloidal Silver should be no darker than a pale gold. A gold color usually occurs at about 6-10 PPM. If darker, use externally only.

What type of container should I use to make Ionic/Colloidal silver?

A drinking glass or a glass jar that is tall enough to cover 75% of the wires when two cups (16 ounces) of water is used. A customer reports a 2-lb honey jar works well. Canning jars work well also.

Why is it necessary to use distilled water?

We recommend distilled water as it usually has the least impurities. You can use other water as long as the color of the Ionic/Colloidal Silver remains clear or a light golden color.

What type of container do I need to boil the water for making ionic/colloidal silver?

A non-metal cooking utensil or a stove top coffee percolator with a wire on the burner works great. A Pyrex measuring cup is not recommended for stove top use as it may explode.

Why does the color and taste of ionic/colloidal silver change from batch to batch?

Distilled water not only varies from one part of the country to another, but bottles of water from the same company can vary. Water, therefore, is the big variable when making ionic/colloidal silver. If you're uncertain of the PPM you're producing, it's best to run the unit until the water turns a pale yellow. You can then cut the time by a few minutes and you should have approximately 5 PPM. You may have to do this test a few times each year to determine how long it's taking for the water to turn color.

What purity of silver wire should be used?

The silver wires we use are .9999 pure. This is the best that is readily available. We order our silver directly from the refinery in large quantities. The refinery we use is Handy & Harmon. They can be reached at 1-800-24-KARAT. This Four 9 grade of silver is the best that is readily available.

NOTE: Many companies incorrectly refer to silver wire purity. Three 9 silver or .999 silver is the mathematical equivalent of 99.9%. Three 9 silver is the minimum grade for colloidal silver production. The next step up in grade is Four 9 silver or .9999, which is mathematically equivalent to 99.99%. The highest grade of silver that man can make commercially is Five 9 silver or .99999, which is mathematically equivalent to 99.999%. (Five 9 silver is an incredibly difficult purity to manufacture, and requires extremely precise manufacturing methods and very costly equipment. Expect to pay 5-10 times more for this ultra-pure silver; if indeed you can even find it.) The error you will come across is manufacturers stating that their silver is Three 9 silver and refer to it as being 99.999%. This is wrong and misleading. SOTA has always used and sold Four 9 (.9999) pure fine silver. We have the assay test on file to prove this fact. Ask for this document from your silver supplier, as any reputable company would have a copy of this in their records.

What color should colloidal silver be?

When ionic/colloidal silver is made without salt, it should be clear in the 3 to 5 PPM range. It will turn a light yellow color when the PPM is between 6 to 10 PPM.

Is a higher ppm better?

Not necessarily. Present research shows that from 5-8 PPM is both safe and effective. A higher PPM may mean the particle size is also higher. A higher particle size may be less effective.

Is the friendly bacteria neutralized as well?

The colloidal silver should be mostly absorbed before reaching the large intestine-especially if held under the tongue for absorption. As a precaution, however, we use an acidophilus supplement from time to time.

Is it okay to heat the water in the Microwave?

A Microwave is known to alter molecules so we do not recommend using a microwave.

How do I make more than 2 cups?

The procedure with 2 cups has been tested to produce 5-8 PPM with a variety of distilled waters. If you want to make more, we suggest you repeat the basic recipe to make more than one batch. If you want to make several cups at a time, you could time the unit until the batch turns a light yellow. For the next batch cut back the time by about 5 minutes so the colloid is still clear and you should have approximately 5 PPM. When making larger quantities it is important to stir the water and clean the wires occasionally.

Do the wires need cleaning each time I make colloidal silver?

Yes, the wires need to be cleaned each time you make colloidal silver.

Why do the silver wires turn black when making colloidal silver?

In the electrolysis process, water splits into hydrogen and oxygen. Oxygen comes off the positive (+) electrode and interacts with silver ions which in turn creates silver oxide and oxygen. The blackening is silver oxide.

Can I use tap water?

This is not recommended. The cloudiness that occurs is because of the silver reacting with the chlorine in the water creating silver chloride. The salt method also produces a gray cloud. The boiling method produces a clear or light golden colloidal silver.

 

How to Make Ionic/Colloidal Silver - Heat Method

  1. Heat 16 ounces (500 ml) of distilled water to the boil-preferably in a non-metal container. Do not use a glass measuring cup on the stove top as it may explode.
  2. Immerse the silver wires about 75-80% in the hot water in a glass container.
  3. Switch on.
  4. Time for about 15 minutes and stir gently from time to time with a non-metal utensil. The ionic/colloidal silver will be clear.

Notes on making Ionic/Colloidal silver:

  • Approximately 15 minutes will produce about 5-8 ppm with most distilled waters.
  • Some waters take less time. If the ionic/colloidal silver turns a pale gold color, you probably have from 6-10 ppm. Your ionic/colloidal silver should be clear or pale gold. If it is a darker color, it means you have too many impurities. Try another type of water as the water is almost always the variable. If gray or black flakes appear, filter before using.
  • The red light should remain off when making the colloidal silver. If the red light comes on it means there are too many impurities or minerals in the water. Try making another batch with a different brand of distilled water-brands vary from season to season.
  • Wipe the wires clean with paper towel and then buff lightly with the green scrubber pad. Keep them shiny, free of sediment, and ready to use again. Both vinegar & ketchup have been suggested as effective cleaners.

    Storage: Immediately after making the ionic/colloidal silver solution, pour it into a dark glass bottle-never metal-and place in the cupboard or other dark place. A pure ionic silver will not darken in light. If larger particles are present, however, the sunlight or room light will degrade colloidal silver by turning the solution gray-just as exposure to light darkens the silver in camera film. When made and stored carefully, it retains freshness for many weeks. It is suggested, however, that you use as freshly as possible. (Light neutralizes positive charges on silver ions that help keep the particles in suspension. If settling occurs, you know it is losing potency.)

    Do not freeze, refrigerate or expose to other rapid temperature changes (such as a hot car) or its usefulness will be affected.

Risk Assessment (text taken from http://risk.lsd.ornl.gov/tox/profiles/silver_c_V1.shtml , as reported in the Risk Assessment Information System of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management)

Toxicity Summary for SILVER

NOTE: Although the toxicity values presented in these toxicity profiles were correct at the time they were produced, these values are subject to change. Users should always refer to the Toxicity Value Database for the current toxicity values.

DECEMBER 1992

Prepared by: Rosmarie A. Faust, Ph.D., Chemical Hazard Evaluation and Communication Group, Biomedical and Environmental Information Analysis Section, Health and Safety Research Division, *, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

 

Prepared for: Oak Ridge Reservation Environmental Restoration Program.

*Managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-84OR21400.

 

Silver is a relatively rare metal that occurs naturally in the earth's crust and is released to the environment from various industrial sources. Human exposure to silver and silver compounds can occur orally, dermally, or by inhalation. Silver is found in most tissues, but has no known physiologic function.

In humans, accidental or intentional ingestion of large doses of silver nitrate has produced corrosive damage of the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, shock, convulsions, and death (U.S. EPA, 1985). Respiratory irritation was noted following acute inhalation exposure to silver or silver compounds. Silver nitrate solutions are highly irritating to the skin, mucous membranes, and eyes (Stokinger, 1981).

Ingestion, inhalation, or dermal absorption of silver may cause argyria, the most common indicator of long-term exposure to silver or silver compounds in humans. Argyria is a gray or blue-gray, permanent discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes that is not a toxic effect per se, but is considered cosmetically disfiguring. Chronic inhalation exposure of workers to silver oxide and silver nitrate dusts resulted in upper and lower respiratory irritation, deposition of granular silver-containing deposits in the eyes, impaired night vision, and abdominal pain (Rosenman et al., 1979). Mild allergic responses have been attributed to dermal contact with silver (ATSDR, 1990).

 

In long-term oral studies with experimental animals, silver compounds have produced slight thickening of the basement membranes of the renal glomeruli, growth depression, shortened lifespan, and granular silver-containing deposits in skin, eyes, and internal organs (Matuk et al., 1981; Olcott, 1948, 1950). Hypoactivity was seen in rats subchronically exposed to silver nitrate in drinking water (Rungby and Danscher, 1984).

A Reference Dose (RfD) of 0.005 mg/kg/day for subchronic and chronic exposure was calculated from a lowest-observed-adverse-effect level (LOAEL) of 0.014 mg/kg/day for argyria observed in patients receiving i.v. injections of silver arsphenamine (U.S. EPA, 1992a,b). Data are presently insufficient to derive a Reference Concentration (RfC) for silver (U.S. EPA, 1992a).

Data adequate for evaluating the carcinogenicity of silver to humans or animals by ingestion, inhalation, or other routes of exposure were not found. Based on U.S. EPA guidelines, silver is placed in weight-of-evidence group D, not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity (U.S. EPA, 1992a).

What is a Silver Colloid?

A solution of water containing nanometer sized particles of suspended silver. The total silver content is expressed as milligrams of silver per liter (mg/L) of water which is numerically the same as parts per million (ppm). The total silver content is divided into two forms of silver; ionic silver and silver particles. Ionic silver solutions are products whose silver content is predominantly in the form of silver ions. Silver protein based products use gelatin as an additive to keep large silver particles suspended that would otherwise fall to the bottom. True silver colloids are products that do not contain any protein or other additives and whose silver content is predominantly in the form of nanometer sized silver particles.

What happens when colloidal silver is ingested?

Upon ingestion, the ionic silver present in most colloidal silver solutions will immediately come into contact with the hydrochloric (HCl) acid that normally exists in the stomach to digest food. The chloride ion from the hydrochloric acid combines at once with the silver ion to form silver chloride, an insoluble silver compound. Since hydrochloric acid does not dissolve metallic silver, the silver particles remain unaffected by the stomach acid. Some of the remaining silver particles, due to their nanometer size will pass easily through the lining of the gastro-intestinal tract and will be absorbed into the bloodstream where they will circulate and come in contact with pathogens which will be killed on contact.  The silver chloride that precipitates in the stomach consists of large molecules. Silver chloride that is not absorbed into the bloodstream will be passed out of the body with solid waste. Silver chloride that does get absorbed  through the lining of the GI tract into the bloodstream will be removed by the kidneys and passed out of the body in urine.

 

The opinions stated are the views of HealingRainbows and do not represent the opinion of SOTA Instruments. The SOTA units are consumer products designed for relaxation, well-being and to complement a healthy lifestyle. The SOTA units are not medical devices nor are they intended to diagnose, treat or cure any medical or health condition. The use, safety or effectiveness of the SOTA units, has not been approved by any government agency. Please consult a health practitioner for any medical or health condition. Results are not typical.

 

 

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